Oil Should Stay in the GroundAnd Get Out of Politics
July 8, 2023
With all the problems in the world, from massive inequality to the climate
crisis, you’d think voluntary guidelines to improve corporate environmental
and social practices would be a no-brainer. After all, addressing those
critical issues can also boost a company’s bottom line.
Big Oil’s Pullback From Clean Energy Matters Less Than You Might Think
The world’s five biggest publicly listed oil and gas companies posted
just under $200 billion in total profits last year. In other words, Exxon
Mobil Corp., Chevron Corp., BP Plc, Shell Plc and TotalEnergies SE “choose
cash over climate”.
The Evolution of Corporate Accountability for Climate Change
This is chapter 12 of the book ‘Litigating the Climate Emergency’,
how human rights, courts and legal mobilization can bolster climate actions.
As the climate emergency intensifies, rights-based climate cases - litigation
that is based on human rights law - are becoming an increasingly important
tool for securing more ambitious climate action. This book is the first
to offer a systematic analysis of the universe of these cases known as
human rights and climate change (HRCC) cases. Chapter 12 is authored by
Carbon producers' tar pit: dinosaurs beware: The path to accountability
of fossil fuel producers for climate change & climate damages.
This paper traces the evolution of a project to quantify the contribution
to atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane arising from the operational
emissions of fossil fuel company supply chains and the sale of carbon
fuels to consumers.
Carbon Majors: Accounting for carbon and methane emissions 1854-2010 Methods
and Results Report
R. Heede (Climate Mitigation Services)
This objective of this report by Richard Heede, is to quantify and trace
historic and cumulative emissions of carbon dioxide and methane to the
largest extant fossil fuel and cement producers. This project focuses
on the industrial carbon fuels and cement manufacturing, and details the
annual and cumulative contribution of each of the largest 90 producers
from as early as 1854 (but typically later) to 2010.
Tracing anthropogenic carbon dioxide and methane emissions to fossil fuel
and cement producers, 1854–2010
This paper authored by Richard Heede presents a quantitative analysis of
the historic fossil fuel and cement production records of 50 investor-owned,
31 state-owned and 9 nation-state producers of oil, natural gas, coal
and cement from as early as 1854 to 2010.
The rise in global atmospheric CO2, surface temperature, and sea level
from emissions traced to major carbon producers.
R. Heede, et al
In this paper, Richard Heede traces the annual CO2 and CH2 emissions between
1854 and 2010 to 83 industrial producers of oil, natural gas, coal, and
seven cement manufacturers with annual production exceeding 8 Million
Tonnes Carbon (MtC)/year in 2006. Of these 90major carbon producers, 50
are investor-owned, 31 majority state-owned, and nine are current or former
centrally planned state industries.
Lost Decade: How Shell Downplayed Early Warnings Over Climate Change.
This report is part of a collection of 201 company documents, official
correspondence, reports, academic studies, and other materials that cast
new light on what Shell knew about climate change — and what it
chose to tell the public.
How Much Have the Oil Supermajors Contributed to Climate Change?
Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment
This study from the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment investigates
how much the “Oil Supermajors”—BP, Chevron, Eni, ExxonMobil,
Shell, and TotalEnergies —the six largest publicly traded oil companies
by revenue and political influence, contributed to climate change. The
study estimates the global carbon footprint of the oil refining and petroleum
sales sectors, adopting a supply-chain approach. The study also assesses
the life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions from the oil refining and petroleum
products sales businesses of the Oil Supermajors.
Summary of 2018 Multnomah County Carbon Emissions and Trends. December. 18, 2020
Bureau of Planning and Sustainability
This document summarizes Portland and Multnomah County’s carbon emissions
inventory and trends for the years 1990-2018. Portland and Multnomah County
have been tracking local carbon emission for nearly 30 years using an
annual sector-based emissions inventory.
Early oil industry knowledge of CO2 and global warming.
B. Franta, Nature Climate Change
In this letter to the editor of Nature Climate Change, Benjamin Franta
highlights how as far back as 1954 scientists began using carbon isotopes
in measuring atmospheric CO2 from fossil fuels.
The Climate Responsibilities of Industrial Carbon Producers
R. Heede, N. Oreskes, P. Fumhoff
In this essay presented by the authors to Climate Change they explore the
responsibility of major investor-owned producers of fossil fuels for climate
change. They consider the distinctive responsibilities of the major investor-owned
producers of fossil fuels, assessing the actions these companies took
and could have taken to act upon the scientific evidence of climate change.
They conclude that major investor-owned fossil energy companies carry
significant responsibility for climate change.